[33][34] Powers were strengthened again; the Treaty of Nice, signed in 2001, gave the Presidents more power over the composition of their Commissions. Nume organizatie . Following their appointment, the President appoints a number of Vice-Presidents (the High Representative is mandated to be one of them) from among the commissioners. El Consejo Europeo adoptará una decisión formal sobre su nombramiento atendiendo a una recomendación del Consejo y tras consultar al Parlamento Europeo y al Consejo de Gobierno del BCE. [89] In the face of high-level criticism,[90] the Commission shut down Presseurop on 20 December 2013. Información de interés en Europa. [58], The commission's powers in proposing law have usually centred on economic regulation. [14], The first Commission originated in 1951 as the nine-member "High Authority" under President Jean Monnet (see Monnet Authority). ; Upholding EU law – The Commission can take action against businesses or states … Analysis of current practice and proposals for tackling mismanagement, irregularities, and fraud. La Commissione europea è l'organo esecutivo dell'UE. The commission also operates out of numerous other buildings in Brussels and Luxembourg. [100][101][102][103] It has also been criticised on IT-related issues, particularly with regard to Microsoft. El presidente del Consejo Europeo ha sido elegido para el periodo comprendido entre el 1 de diciembre de 2019 y el 31 de mayo de 2022. Such a situation is unique in the world. Frans Timmermans Better Regulation, Inter-Institutional Relations, the Rule of Law and the Charter of Fundamental Rights Mission Letter Federica Mogherini US$8 billion was raised. LA COMMISSIONE EUROPEA La Commissione è l'istituzione dell'UE che detiene il monopolio dell'iniziativa legislativa e importanti poteri esecutivi in settori quali la concorrenza e il commercio esterno. Eurosceptics have therefore raised the concern of the relatively low turnout (often less than 50%) in elections for the European Parliament since 1999. [45], The commission was set up from the start to act as an independent supranational authority separate from governments; it has been described as "the only body paid to think European". Rimani informato sulle notizie dall'Europa e … The power of a Commissioner largely depends upon their portfolio, and can vary over time. [92] The fact that the commission can directly decide (albeit with oversight from specially formed 'comitology committees') on the shape and character of implementing legislation further raises concerns about democratic legitimacy. The European Commission derives from one of the five key institutions created in the supranational European Community system, following the proposal of Robert Schuman, French Foreign Minister, on 9 May 1950. [27] The International Herald Tribune noted the work of Delors at the end of his second term in 1992: "Mr. Delors rescued the European Community from the doldrums. 1 like. [2] Commissioners are supported by their personal cabinet who give them political guidance, while the Civil Service (the DGs, see below) deal with technical preparation. Asimismo, el Consejo Europeo ha celebrado la decisión de los jefes de Estado o de Gobierno de los Estados miembros cuya moneda es el euro de designar a Charles Michel presidente de la Cumbre del Euro para el mismo periodo. [50], Considering that under the Treaty of Lisbon, the European Council has become a formal institution with the power of appointing the commission, it could be said that the two bodies hold the executive power of the EU (the European Council also holds individual national executive powers). Even though each member is nominated on the basis of the suggestions made by the national governments, one per state, they do not represent their state in the commission. Only the commission can make formal proposals for legislation: they cannot originate in the legislative branches. 78K likes. It is common, although not a formal requirement, that the commissioners have previously held senior political positions, such as being a member of the European Parliament or a government minister.[4]. sobre nuestro sitio web. "The European Commission’s (EC) Action Plan to enhance preparedness against CBRN security risks is part of its anti-terrorism package released in October 2017, a strategy aimed at better protecting the more than 511 million citizens across the 27 member states of the European Union (EU).”[105], The European Commission organized a video conference of world leaders on 4 May 2020 to raise funds for coronavirus vaccine development. [97] In 2010 the commission was sued for blocking access to documents on EU biofuel policy. Their right to propose criminal law was challenged in the European Court of Justice but upheld. Owing to the size of the European market, this has made EU legislation an important influence in the global market. Within the EU, the legitimacy of the commission is mainly drawn from the vote of approval that is required from the European Parliament, along with its power to dismiss the body. In 2014, Jean-Claude Juncker became President of the European Commission. Each covers a specific policy area such as agriculture or justice and citizens' rights or internal services such as human resources and translation and is headed by a director-general who is responsible to a commissioner. The commission's chief spokesperson is Pia Ahrenkilde Hansen who takes the midday press briefings, commonly known as the "Midday Presser". Contribuye a la organización y la coherencia de la labor del Consejo, así como a la aplicación de su programa de 18 meses. [66], The commission is composed of a college of "Commissioners" of 27 members, including the President and vice-presidents. Lisbon also combined the posts of European Commissioner for External Relations with the council's High Representative for the Common Foreign and Security Policy. [67] Before the commission can assume office, the college as a whole must be approved by the Parliament. The commission is primarily based in Brussels, with the President's office and the commission's meeting room on the 13th floor of the Berlaymont building. Appointment. "[44], In 2019, Ursula von der Leyen was appointed as the next President of the European Commission. El Consejo de la UE es la institución que representa a los gobiernos de los Estados miembros. [25], The Commission headed by Jacques Delors was seen as giving the Community a sense of direction and dynamism. The Commission has the following functions: Legislation – The Commission initiates legislation. Anne-Cécile Robert (March 2009) "Et la crise sociale a rattrapé le Parlement européen", Communications Networks, Content and Technology, European Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid Operations, Financial Stability, Financial Services and Capital Markets Union, Internal Market, Industry, Entrepreneurship and SMEs, International Cooperation and Development, Neighbourhood and Enlargement Negotiations, European Parliament elections in May of the same year, Post-Brexit United Kingdom relations with the European Union, European Commissioner for External Relations, High Representative for the Common Foreign and Security Policy, Article 17 of the Treaty on European Union, a petition carrying one million signatures, toxic waste spill off the coast of Côte d'Ivoire, chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear, European Free Trade Association Surveillance Authority, List of European Commissioners by nationality, "Institutions of the EU: The European Commission", "European Commission – PRESS RELEASES – Press release – European Commission swears oath to respect the EU Treaties", http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/PDF/?uri=OJ:JOL_2014_192_R_0010, "Departments (Directorates-General) and services", "De-commissioning the Empty Chair Crisis: the Community institutions and the crisis of 1965–6", "Discover the former Presidents: The Rey Commission", "Discover the former Presidents: The Mansholt Commission", "Discover the former Presidents: The Malfatti Commission", "Discover the former Presidents: The Ortoli Commission", "1977: Jenkins quits Commons for Brussels", "Discover the former Presidents: The Thorn Commission", "The new Commission – some initial thoughts", "Discover the former Presidents: The Delors Commission", "A Bit More Delors Could Revamp the Commission", "Second report on Reform of the Commission. Ecco cosa fa la Commissione europea: gestione delle politiche e assegnazione dei finanziamenti dell’Unione europea. Subiecte . Sono allora avviati ufficialmente i negoziati , che procedono settore per settore. Capitale: Copenaghen; Lingue ufficiali dell’UE: danese; Membro dell'UE: dal 1º gennaio 1973; Valuta: corona danese DKK.La Danimarca ha negoziato una clausola di esenzione dall’euro e quindi non è obbligata a introdurlo. La Commissione europea ha approvato un quarto contratto con le società farmaceutiche BioNTech e Pfizer, che permetterà l'acquisto iniziale di 200 milioni di dosi per conto di tutti gli Stati membri dell'UE, con l'opzione di richiedere fino a 100 milioni di dosi ulteriori, che verranno fornite non appena saranno dimostrate la sicurezza e l'efficacia del vaccino contro la COVID-19. È una delle principali istituzioni dell’Unione Europea (UE), con sede a Bruxelles. La El Consejo Europeo es la institución de la UE que define la orientación política general y las prioridades de la Unión Europea. Para obtener más información sobre estas cookies, sobre cómo y por qué las utilizamos y sobre el modo en que puede modificar su configuración, consulte nuestra página sobre la política de cookies. 27 Stati membri, avendo il Regno Unito notificato al Consiglio europeo, il 29 marzo 2017, l'intenzione di recedere dall'Unione europea e dall'Euratom in forza 50 del trattato sull'Unione dell'articolo europea. On 9 September, the European Council declared a list of candidate-commissioners which has to be officially approved by the parliament. Committee of Independent Experts, 1999", "The resignation of the Santer-Commission: the impact of 'trust' and 'reputation, "Discover the former Presidents: The Santer Commission", "Prodi to Have Wide, New Powers as Head of the European Commission", "Commentary: Romano Prodi: Europe's First Prime Minister? [14] The reason for the change in name was the new relationship between the executives and the Council. COMMISSIONE EUROPEA Bruxelles, 25.10.2011 COM(2011) 679 definitivo Allegato II (Parte XI) ALLEGATO ALLEGATO (PARTE XI) Accordo che istituisce un'associazione tra l'Unione europea e i suoi Stati membri, da una [2], Through Article 17 of the Treaty on European Union the commission has several responsibilities: to develop medium-term strategies; to draft legislation and arbitrate in the legislative process; to represent the EU in trade negotiations; to make rules and regulations, for example in competition policy; to draw up the budget of the European Union; and to scrutinise the implementation of the treaties and legislation. Relocation of the UK-based EU agencies. Proprio per questo, la Commissione europea viene anche detta “organo di individui”, nel rispetto dell’articolo 17 del Trattato sull’Unione europea che recita: “I membri della Commissione sono scelti in base alla loro competenza generale e al loro impegno europeo e tra personalità che offrono tutte le garanzie di indipendenza. È il principale organo esecutivo dell'Unione europea ed è composta da un Collegio di membri comprendente un Commissario per ogni Stato membro. Cooperation with the Member States. europea de competencia, junto con las autoridades nacionales. [2] Commissioners swear an oath at the European Court of Justice in Luxembourg City, pledging to respect the treaties and to be completely independent in carrying out their duties during their mandate. Căutați membri. [80] There has also been a greater degree of politicisation within the Commission. En toda nuestra vida, estamos expuestos a una serie de eventos que causan una impresión positiva o negativa, entre estas experiencias se encuentran los traumas… Following Santer, Romano Prodi took office. La valutazione della Commissione europea ha portato all’identificazione dei diversi livelli di impegno per ogni Stato membro, sulla cui base la Commissione europea ha presentato raccomandazioni concrete agli Stati membri per la redazione dei loro piani strategici della PAC, assicurando un collegamento con l’ambizione del Green Deal europeo. [17] in 1965, however, accumulating differences between the French government of Charles de Gaulle and the other member states on various subjects (British entry, direct elections to Parliament, the Fouchet Plan and the budget) triggered the "empty chair" crisis, ostensibly over proposals for the Common Agricultural Policy. However their executives were called "Commissions" rather than "High Authorities". [18], Allegations of fraud and corruption were again raised in 2004 by former chief auditor Jules Muis. The High Authority was the supranational administrative executive of the new European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC). E 7% restante se destina a gastos administrativos. However the more capable the candidate is, the more likely the Commission President will assign them a powerful portfolio, the distribution of which is entirely at his or her discretion. Más información sobre documentos y publicaciones. Following the selection of the President, and the appointment of the High Representative by the European Council, each Commissioner is nominated by their member state (except for those states who provided the President and High Representative) in consultation with the Commission President, although he or she holds no hard power to force a change in candidate. Înregistraţi-vă! [48][49] This aspect has been changed by the Treaty of Lisbon, after which the Commission exercises its powers just by virtue of the treaties. [28], The successor to Delors was Jacques Santer. [24] Following the Jenkins Commission, Gaston Thorn's Commission oversaw the Community's enlargement to the south, in addition to beginning work on the Single European Act. [32] In response to the scandal, the European Anti-Fraud Office (OLAF) was created. [70], The President of the Commission is selected by consensus by the European Council[71] and confirmed by the European Parliament or not. Your details will not be shared with third parties. Some states, such as France, expressed reservations over the power of the High Authority, and wished to limit it by giving more power to the Council rather than the new executives. Membri . The term Commission is variously used, either in the narrow sense of the 27-member College of Commissioners (or College) or to also include the administrative body of about 32,000 European civil servants who are split into departments called directorates-general and services. Prende decisioni sull'orientamento strategico e politico della Commissione. [35] The Barroso Commission was also the first full Commission since the enlargement in 2004 to 25 members; hence, the number of Commissioners at the end of the Prodi Commission had reached 30. El Servicio de Prensa celebra ruedas de prensa, ofrece cobertura audiovisual de los actos importantes y proporciona instalaciones para los periodistas. That was the first time a Commission had been forced to resign en masse, and represented a shift of power towards the Parliament. In 2006, a toxic waste spill off the coast of Côte d'Ivoire, from a European ship, prompted the commission to look into legislation against toxic waste. Personale. You can read more about how EU laws are passed. Hence a guarantee given for a rerun of the vote was that the council would use its power to amend the number of Commissioners upwards. This monopoly is designed to ensure coordinated and coherent drafting of EU law. o Educación y Cultura (EAC) [interna]: La DG EAC elabora las políticas en materia de educación, cultura, juventud, lenguas y deporte. In 2009 (as with 2004), the Lisbon Treaty was not in force and Barroso was not "elected" by the Parliament, but rather nominated by the European Council; in any case, the centre-right parties of the EU pressured for a candidate from their own ranks. El Consejo Europeo ha elegido hoy a Charles Michel presidente del Consejo Europeo. Commissione europea – Rappresentanza in Italia, Roma e Milano, Italia. What does the European Commission do? Comisión Europea es la principal administradora del presupuesto, y destina 80% del mismo a los Estados miembros y más o menos 13% al resto del mundo. This post, also a Vice-President of the Commission, would chair the Council of the European Union's foreign affairs meetings as well as the commission's external relations duties. It takes place every weekday in the commission's press room at the Berlaymont where journalists may ask questions of Commission officials on any topic and legitimately expect to get an "on the record" answer for live TV. Iulie 2020. [20][21] With that enlargement, the commission's membership increased to thirteen under the Ortoli Commission (the United Kingdom as a large member was granted two Commissioners), which dealt with the enlarged community during economic and international instability at that time. Peterson, John and Michael Shackelton (2006) "Institutions of European Union" p152. +33 (0)3 88 41 20 00 You are here: Portal /. [10][11][12] The procedural languages of the commission are English, French and German. As a result of the increase in the number of states, the Amsterdam Treaty triggered a reduction in the number of Commissioners to one per state, rather than two for the larger states. In recent times Europe has seen an increased threat level of CBRN attacks. Codice di condotta e statistiche per il personale della Commissione europea. Decisione nel caso 969/2017/LM in merito alla mancata elaborazione entro il termine prescritto, da parte della Commissione europea, di una relazione sull'osservanza della direttiva 2010/64/UE sul diritto all'interpretazione e alla traduzione nei procedimenti penali da parte degli Stati membri Owing to this opposition, Barroso was forced to reshuffle his team before taking office. Historically, the commission had indeed been seen as a technocratic expert body which, akin with institutions such as independent central banks, deals with technical areas of policy and therefore ought to be removed from party politics. [10], There has been criticism from a number of people that the highly fragmented DG structure wastes a considerable amount of time in turf wars as the different departments and Commissioners compete with each other. Tenga la bondad de tomarse unos minutos en completar nuestra breve encuesta al final de su visita. The single largest DG is the Directorate-General for Translation, with a 2309-strong staff, while the largest group by nationality is Belgian (18.7%), probably due to a majority (17,664) of staff being based in the country. Pubblicate le raccomandazioni della Commissione europea agli Stati membri sulla definizione dei Piani Strategici della PAC. Los documentos del Consejo y del Consejo Europeo están disponibles en el registro público, de acuerdo con las normas de la UE en materia de transparencia. This also leads to an unusually high number of press releases, 1907 for 2006, and is seen as a unique product of the EU's political set-up. Commissione Europea, Brussels, Belgium. [14], José Manuel Barroso became president in 2004: the Parliament once again asserted itself in objecting to the proposed membership of the Barroso Commission. For example, the Education Commissioner has been growing in importance, in line with the rise in the importance of education and culture in European policy-making. In this role it is known informally as the "guardian of the treaties". Walter Hallstein led the first Commission of the EEC, holding the first formal meeting on 16 January 1958 at the Château of Val-Duchesse.